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Southern Baking Traditions

Scope and Content

The Southern Baking Traditions Oral History Project is an ongoing project meant to document the types of baked goods that people in the west Georgia piedmont have traditionally prepared for their daily meals and seasonal celebrations. Recipes and family stories surrounding the baking of cornbread and biscuits, banana pudding and tea cakes, as well as an array of specialty cakes, cookies, and pies have been collected through oral histories and archived in the Center for Public History.

The Southern Baking Traditions Oral History Project is being conducted in association with the Southern Foodways Alliance, an affiliated institute of the Center for the Study of Southern Culture with headquarters at the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi. The mission of the SFA is to celebrate, preserve, promote, and nurture the traditional and developing diverse food cultures of the American South.

The Center for Public History has successfully presented the research gained through the Southern Baking Traditions Oral History Project to the public. In November 2003 the Center for Public History created an exhibit and cookbook titled “What’s Cookin’ for the Holidays?” for display in “Arts on the Square.” Also, the Center hosted a “Workshop on Baking, Memory, and Public History” at the 2003 Southern Foodways Symposium. Furthermore, support from the Georgia Humanities Council has helped to create a traveling exhibit on Southern Baking Traditions, “Biscuits, Cornbread, and Teacakes.” The ten-panel exhibit is available for display in schools, churches, senior centers, and other organizations for temporary exhibitions.

Box and Folder Listing

At present, the collection consists of three Hollinger boxes, housing over 30 interview files, six photograph folders, and over 20 project/general reference folders.

Southern Baking Traditions Oral History Project Box and Folder List

Box 1

Arrington, Romie 19 Feb 02
Disk
Oral History Biographical sheet
Interview Release form 2/19/02
Narrative
Transcription

Baltimore, Delma 29 Mar 02
Photographs of cornbread
Scanned photograph of cornbread
Disk
Menu
Photograph Release form 3/29/02
Narrative
Transcription
Oral History Biographical sheet
Oral History Checklist
Interview Release form 3/29/02

Bates, Forrest 30 Apr 02
Letter form Rebecca Glasgow dated 4/19/02
Copy of Information sheet
Copy of sample menu

Baxter, J.N. 31 Mar 03
Interview Release form 3/31/03
Photograph Release form 4/29/03
Photograph log
Narrative 3/31/03
‘A Knowledgeable man” 3/31/03
Transcription 3/31/03
Oral History Checklist
Oral History Biographical sheet


Becknell, Mary 2 Apr 03
Interview Release form 4/2/03
Oral History Biographical sheet
Photo Release form 4/02/02
“Baking in the South with Mary Becknell” 4/25/03
Descriptive Narrative 4/28/03
Oral History Checklist
Transcription

Candler, Elizabeth 21 Aug 03
Interview Release form 8/21/03
Oral History Biographical sheet
Recipe for “Grandma’s Teacakes”
Transcription

Denney, Iva 8 Nov 02
Menu
“Changes in Food Preparation”
Description
Transcription
Oral History Checklist
Photograph Log
Photograph Release form 11/08/02
Interview Release form 11/08/02
Oral History Biographical sheet

Denney, Violette 15 Apr 04
Interview Release Form
Recipes: Brown Sugar Cookies, Molasses Cookies, Plum Cake

De Vane, Betty 20 Mar 02
Disk
Oral History Biographical sheet
Interview Release 3/20/02
Oral History Checklist
Transcription
Descriptive Narrative
“A Long Time Ago, in a Kitchen not too Far Away”

Elder, Bernice 12 Mar 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Letter from Rebecca Glasgow dated 10/4/02
Menu
Photograph Release form 3/12/02
Interview Release form 3/12/02

Elliot, Bobbie 21 Nov 02
Interview Release form 11/21/02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Menu
Descriptive Narrative
Historical Analysis
Transcription
Oral History Checklist

Foster, Donna 29 Apr 02
Interview Release form 4/29/02
Oral History Biographical sheet

Fuller, M.T. 19 Mar 02
Menu
Photograph Log
Photograph Release 4/24/02
“A Simple Life”
Descriptive essay
Transcription
Interview Release form 3/19/02
Oral History Index
Photographs:
Grist Mill (negative 163)
Dam (negative 163)

Harper, Helen 4 Mar 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Interview Release form 3/4/02
Transcription

Hendrix, Gladys 30 Oct 02
Interview Release Form 10/30/02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Photo Release Form 10/30/02
Transcription

Lindsey, Annelle Boyd 2 Apr 02
Disk
Photographs of Annelle in kitchen
Oral history Biographical sheet
Photo Release form 4/2/02
Transcription
Interview Release Form 4/2/02

Lindsey, Annelle 30 Oct 03

Merrell, Eloise 18 July 02
Interview Release Form 7/18/02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Transcription
Donor Accession form 7/8/03
Caramel Cake Recipe

Merrill, Rebecca 23 Nov 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Interview Release form 11/23/02
Oral History Checklist
Photograph Release form 11/23/02
Guidelines sheet
Menus
Photograph Log
Transcription

Mitchell, William Dr. 22 July 02
Disk
Oral History Checklist
Interview Release form 7/22/02
Interview Topics Checklist
Oral History Checklist
Demographic Information
Transcription
“A Brief Summary”
Menus

Odum, Velma- Teacakes 3 Apr 03
Oral History Biographical sheet
Photographs
Blank Permission form

Pollard, Sandy 31 Mar 03
Interview Release form 3/31/03 (2 copies)
Photograph Log 3/31/03 (2 copies)
Photograph Release form 3/31/03 (2 copies)
Theme Paper
Methodology paper
Transcription
Descriptive Narrative
Oral History Biographical sheet (2 copies)
Oral History Checklist (2 copies)
“The Love for Cooking Southern Food”
“Red Velvet Cake”
Photo collage
Recipe:
Teacakes
Red Velvet Cake

Roberts, Kathy 15 Mar 02
Negatives (unlogged)
Photographs
Oral History Biographical Sheet
Interview Release form 5/15/02
Transcription

Simonds, Brenda 24 Oct 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Interview Release form 10/30/02
Photograph Log
Photograph Release form 11/20/02
Transcription
Menu
Oral History Checklist
“Teacakes: Directions from the Cake Bakery Shop”
“From Farm Produced to Store Bought”

Smith, Charlene 31 Jul 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Interview Release form 7/31/02

Smith, Chuck 3 Feb 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Menu
Transcription
Interview Release form 3/02/02

Box 2

Smith, Coley 17 Apr 02
Disk
Oral History Biographical sheet
Transcription
“Waste Not Want Not”
Oral History Checklist
Interview Release form 4/17/02
Menu
Questionnaire
“The Past is a Place for Memories, Not for Living”

Stallings, Hilda 20 Apr 03
Photographs
Scanned Photographs
Interview Release form 4/20/03
Oral History Checklist
Oral History Biographical sheet
Photograph Release 4/28/03
Photograph Log 4/20/03
“Oral History Project: Setting”
“Oral History Project: Historical Analysis”
Menu
Transcription

Stapler, Martha 12 Apr 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Scanned Photographer
Interview Release form 4/12/02
Photograph Release form 4/12/02
Menu
Transcription (2 copies)
Donor Accession form 7/8/03
“Sweet Potato Pie”

Stitcher, Alton 19 Mar 02
Disk
Photographs
Interview Release Form 3/19/02
Transcription
Oral History Biographical sheet
Oral History Checklist
Letter from Rebecca Glasgow 3/15/02
Guidelines
Menu
Transcription of interview with Mick Buck 10/06/01
Recipe:
“Punchbowl Cake”
“Old Fashioned Teacakes”

Suddeth, Pollyanna 25 Nov 02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Donor Accession Form 7/07/03
Interview Release Form 11/25/02
Questionnaire
“Descriptive Narrative”
“Thematic Essay”
Transcription
Oral History Checklist

Tamplin, James and Evelyn 26 Feb 02
Disk
Interview Release Form 2/25/02 (for each)
Transcription
Photograph Log 2/25/02
Menu
Oral History Biographical sheet (for each)

Tamplin, James and Evelyn 21 Apr 03
Photographs
Interview Release Forms 4/21/03 (for each)
Letter from Rebecca Glasgow
Notes
“The Best of May’s Guest Cook Book”
“What my Mother and I cooked for Christmas”
Oral History Checklist
Recipe:
“Christmas Lizzies”

Upchurch, Donald
Photographs
Donor Accession form 9/9/03

Williams, Opalene 5 Nov 02
Recipes:
“Old Fashioned Teacakes”
“Drop Biscuits”
“Regular Homemade Biscuits”
“Mayonnaise Cornbread”
“Regular Cornbread”
“Old Fashioned Banana Pudding”
“Banana Pudding”
Photograph Log 11/05/02
Interview Release Form 11/05/02 (2 copies)
Oral History Biographical sheet
“Opalene Williamson Descriptive Narrative”
“Opalene Williamson Thematic Paper”
Menus
Transcriptions
Oral History Checklist
Photograph Release form 11/05/02

Windom, Cindy 4 Mar 02
Interview Release Form 3/4/02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Recipes:
“Easy Drop Biscuits”
“Whole Wheat Pancakes/Waffles”
“Cornbread: Old Fashioned Recipe”
“Julies Choco Whole Wheat Cookies”
“Rich Peanut Butter Bar”
“Basic Muffins”
Menu
Email: “Greetings from Mr. Manners”
Email: “AAA and SAE”
Unsigned Interview Release Form 6/25/02
Oral History Biographical sheet
Information packet


Box 3

Miscellaneous Photos
Newspaper copies of Coley Smith family photographs

Teacakes Cake Shop: Contemporary Photo Collection

Cakes and Pies at Publix

Akers Family Reunion Photos

Praises Restaurant Photos

Harwood, (Margaret) Family Photos

General Paperwork
Originals:
Information Sheet
Guidelines/interview request
Sample Menus
Copies of Questionnaire
Copies of Guidelines/interview request
Copies of Sample Menu
Copies of Information Sheet

Guidelines for Oral History
Instruction Sheets about:
Interview Procedures
Contemporary Photographs
Historical Photographs
Sample Menus

Guidelines for Baking Project
Instruction Sheets about:
Preparing for interview
Interview procedures
Contemporary Photographs
Historical Photographs
Sample Menus

Interview Summary- Rebecca Glasgow Fall 2002
Database information


McCleary’s Notes for Project
Email: “Baking Questionnaire”
Copy Guidelines for Foodways Oral History Project
Copy Guidelines /interview request sheet
Copy Oral History Checklist
Copy Interview Release form
Copy Oral History Biographical sheet
Note from Dr. McCleary
Copy Southern Foodways Questionnaire with notes
More Baking Questions
12 Sample Questions and Notes

Survey Questionnaire
Survey Questionnaire for baking project

Southern Foodways Alliance Grant
Southern Foodways Alliance brochure
Email: “Funds Transfer”

“Biscuits, Cornbread, Teacakes” Exhibit Text 2003- Rough Draft Final

SOFREA Grant
Information packet

“Letter from Michael Steed, Co-Author Cooking with Lard”

“Damn Good Southern Cooking Cookbook”

“Serving You” First Baptist Church of Carrollton

“Folklore and Folklife: Reflected in the Recipes of Rural Georgia and East Alabama” Dec 98

“Hog Meat and Cornpone: Food Habits in Antebellum South” Sam Hillard

Biscuits, Cornbread, Teacakes: Exhibit Text 2003- Rough and Final Drafts
Disk
Extra Quotes
Banana Pudding Quotes
Nikki’s Corrections 10/09/03
Jessica’s Corrections
Nikki’s Corrections
Exhibit panel drafts

“Exhibit Publicity 2004”

“Southern Spice Articles/Photos”

“Scanned Recipes”


Box 4

Arts on the Square: Application 2003
Letter from Carrollton Junior Women’s Club
Exhibitor Sign
Application Copy

“What's Cookin’ for the Holidays?” Exhibit 1 Nov 03
Disk
Program
“What’s Cookin’ for the Holidays?” cookbook
Original recipes
Information sheets

Website Panels, Ideas
Copy of website (9/29/03)

Articles/Published Recipes: Cornbread, Biscuits, Teacakes
“Southern Living” excerpts
Article “Martha White Cornbread Contest Winner gets Cash and Gas Range”
Article “In Praise of Cornbread and Cast Iron,” The Birmingham News
Website: “Cornbread, the Bread of the South” 2/13/03

West Georgia College/State University- Special Gatherings
Photographs
Excerpt from The A&M School at Carrollton 1908-1933

Produced Packaging
Murray Vanilla Wafers Box

2003 Southern Foodways Symposium: “A Workshop on Baking, Memory, and Public History”
Ann McCleary and Helen Chambers
Information Packet
Letter from Southern Foodways Alliance
Brochure on Symposium
Guide to Lodging and Dining
Pimentos Cookbook
Contact Sheet for Symposium presenters
Email: “Conference Attire”
PowerPoint Presentation
Biography sheet
Workshop schedule
Recipes:
“Teacakes”
“Old Fashioned Teacakes”
“Tamplin’s Family Teacake Recipes”

Baking Contest- Mayfest 2003
Correspondence: Regarding Baking Contest
Martha White/Lodge Cast Iron National Cornbread Cook Off: Official Rules
Official Public History Center Bake-off Rules

Foodways Questionnaire 15 Sept 03
Database information

“Tommie Bandy Freeman’s Recipes”

“Exhibit at West Georgia Regional Library”

“Exhibit at Newnan Coweta Public Library”