Danilo M. Baylen

Graduate ePortfolio

My Conceptual Framework

The Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines framework as a "basic conceptual structure" especially when referring to ideas." Given my context of retooling for the profession, an individual conceptual framework establishes on acceptable and exemplary performance given my professional goals. It is based on a set of concepts that support a selected method, behavior, function, relationship, and object that will guide my everyday's practice. It needs to be "knowledge-based, articulated, shared, coherent, consistent with professional standards, and continuous evaluated" (Rasch & Gollnick, 2005).

In developing a conceptual framework for my practice, not only as teacher but more so as teacher educator, there are parameters that help define what I believe, expect and do in my classroom to help my students succeed --

  • Work with others (Collaboration)
  • Articulate ideas in verbally (Communication)Analyze the different facets of an issues and develop a position (Critical Thinking)Use current and emerging technologies to support one's development (Media Literacy)Understand print and electronic-based resources (Reading Comprehension)
  • Search and identify information to support one's position on an issue or respond to an inquiry (Research)
  • Articulate and publish ideas in written format through print or electronic media (Writing)

These seven parameters are grounded in several philosophical perspectives, from idealism to post-modernism (Jacobsen, 2003). These perspectives "helps create alternative ways to view existing information" (p. 27) and support students in processing and acquiring knowledge and skills. In quoting Dewey, Jacobsen (2003) stated, "education is not a preparation for life; education is life" (p. 251).



I believe that students need to learn how to work with others. It is an important skill to develop in today's diverse society. Individuals who become educators need to understand mastery of the curriculum is as important as knowing the context of their students. Nowadays, it is important for students to understand that knowledge can be acquired not only from one source (the teacher) but also from others ( peers). Brown (2007) wrote that those working in teams have great potential to advance knowledge.


I believe that students need to learn how to effectively communicate their ideas verbally to others. Not only they need to articulate their thinking orally but also able to give appropriate feedback to their verbal sharing with others. As I work with students from elementary to college classrooms, I observe that students are able to express their thinking but have difficulty in facilitating and monitoring constructive exchanges with peers. Ability to communicate is the essence of working with others and acquiring new knowledge and skills.
Critical Thinking  

I believe that students need to develop strong analytical and higher order thinking skills. With abundant information constantly presented to them in and out of their school environments, students need to learn how to sift through it and then identify and use only what is necessary and supportive to their chosen position on a given issue. Several strategies used in my classroom focused on "efforts to look for certainty rather than accept received opinion "(Jacobsen, p. 133) and the process of acquiring new knowledge.
Media Literacy  

I believe that students need to become competent in using technology to communicate with others and to support the work that they do in and out of their classroom. They need to become literate in integrating technology to effectively support their learning. As a teacher educator, I need to prepare my undergraduate students beyond knowing how to use current and emerging technologies but more so in developing their competence in rethinking how these tools can effectively support their own teaching practices as well as support student learning.
Reading Comprehension  

I believe that students, from all levels, need to be skilled in reading appropriate materials using different media -- from print to electronic formats. The Report of the National Reading Panel: Teaching Children to Read states, "comprehension is critically important to the development of children’s reading skills and therefore to the ability to obtain an education. Durkin (1993 cited in the NRP Report) argued that the essence of reading is comprehension and is "essential not only to academic learning in all subject areas but to lifelong learning as well".

I believe that students need to develop an inquisitive mind. As teachers, we need to welcome questions from our students and make them comfortable in asking why. It is important to develop strong research skills at a young age. This means that we need to introduce classroom activities that promote problem-solving. Strategies that I used in my classroom include the Socratic method, guided discovery, deductive reasoning, analyzing objects, and classifying objects.


I believe that students need to learn how to effectively communicate their ideas in various formats and develop their writing skills. The latest report of the National Writing Project, an organization whose premier efforts focused on improving writing in America, states, "Americans believe that good writing skills are more important than ever, but they fear that our schools and our children are falling behind. Two-thirds of the public would like to see more resources invested in helping teachers teach writing."


In twenty years, I have assumed different roles from student to professional development staff, from English as Second Language teacher to teacher educator. I worked in managing programs, delivered professional development experiences, and advocated for the use and integration of approrpriate technology into the curriculum in diverse contexts and populations. Life has changed a lot since then given an information rich society where a lot of things are driven by outcomes, accountability, interdependence, and interdisciplinary-focus.

I see my job as teacher educator to focus on empowering my students to learn how to learn. My classroom will become a place where students experience the power of self-directed learning, the joy of technology-supported interactions, the challenge of activity-based sessions, as well as the depth of producing reflective learning outcomes. This shift changes the management of the learning in a classroom, and students and future teachers need to be prepared for this. Every stakeholder in my classroom needs to learn new roles to succeed.


Given the shift to learner-centered instruction, instruction needs to ensure that all aspects of students’ learning processes are taken into consideration. Realistic and measurable goals and expectations are set at the beginning of the process. Traditional teaching are enhanced with active learning strategies that takes advantage of features from current and emerging technologies. These features allow students to experience collaboration with their peers and experts in and beyond the four walls of the classroom and the challenge of effectively using communication, reading and writing skills to articutate their ideas to others

Finally, the interactive nature of available technologies and their integration into the curriculum promote the development of media literacy. The use of these technology-based tools not only empowers students to experience different instructional strategies involving goal setting, problem based learning, critical inquiry or research projects.





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Designing Effective Learning, Teaching and Assessment Strategies
Updated last April 24, 2007