Just In Time Resources On Demand (JITROD) for Nursing Education


Jack Yensen, B.Sc(Hons)., Ph. D., R.N.
Visiting Associate Professor of Nursing
University of Vermont
jyensen@home.com

 

Nursing education and nursing educators, regardless of the setting, suffer from a common resource deficit, namely time. There are enormous resources available in print and electronic formats, but apparently no easy ways to harness those resources quickly. This paper presents a strategy and a template to facilitate the rapid population of any nursing concept with resources. Using this approach, it is possible to start from ground zero and quickly generate a resource rich matrix from which to develop leaning modules, teaching plans, problem-based scenarios, and metal earning strategies.

The strategy is derived from business models which have been successful in cost reduction, namely the use of a just-in-time approach to inventory control, purchasing, ordering, and delivery of goods. In this approach, the need for nursing resources is seen as being time sensitive, in other words the time at which the resources are gathered is very close to the time at which they are needed. This is at variance with more orthodox approaches to the harvesting and mining of clinical resources, which traditionally has been time consuming, and frequently carried out days or weeks ahead of the point of application. The strategy is robust, easy to use and flexible, in that it can be modified and tailored to meet specific demands. It employs several devices to ensure a wide variety of sampling and through a template allows for rapid accumulation of resources from many sources.

The basic template is structured as a single Web page that contains a series of embedded links to data sources. Each link may contain child links. Figure 1 illustrates the basic composition of the template.

 

Each link may be either a single source strategy of its own, or may contain multiple strategies. For example, the Search News Archives could be a single link to ABC News or could invoke multiple links to many different news archive sources. The numbers and types of sources that are used are determined by the individual preferences and time constraints of the user. (see Figure 2.)


 

One or more links may be traversed to search on any given topic. The strategy is implemented with two windows, so that the template is viewed and operated upon in one window (the template resource window), while the results are accumulated in another window (the target resource window). In this way, the user is able to switch quickly between the template resource guide and the resource results window.

A fully developed template with links may be found here and taken for your own use. (once at the template, save the entire template as a local HTML file).

What follows is a step by step example of how to use the template to generate a resource rich matrix for the concept of 'anorexia nervosa.' The entire process took only 12 minutes, so it may be a useful strategy for the harried educator or student!
 

Step 1

Step 2

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 

Step 3

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 

Step 4

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 

Step 5

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 

Step 6

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 

Step 7

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 
 

Step 8

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 

Step 9

Observe the cumulative results in the target resource page. 

Step 10

Observe the final results in the target resource page. 
 

After an elapsed time of 12 minutes or less, the final resource matrix contains a wealth of relevant resources about anorexia nervosa. From this matrix, any diligent educator or student would be able to develop a useful deliverable very quickly. The JITROD strategy appears to have some merits in that it is cost-effective, time-effective, and generates a current awareness of a topic or concept that has to be experienced to be believed. Considerable work with teaching nursing students and colleagues this strategy has indicated that it may be a potent learning and organizing tool.


References

Yensen, J.A.P. (1998, May). Just In Time Resources On Demand (JITROD) [Online]. Available HTTP: http://www.langara.bc.ca/vnc/ksu/ksu.htm#_TOC11  File: ksu.htm


Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, Volume I, Number 3, Fall 1998 State University of West Georgia, Distance Education Center

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