Common Proofreading/Editing Abbreviations: The abbreviation usually appears in the margin, probably with a line or arrow pointing to the offending element.

Abbreviation

Meaning

Example

Ab

a faulty abbreviation

She had earned a Phd along with her M.D.

Agr
See also P/A and S/V

agreement problem: subject/verb or
pronoun/antecedent

The piano as well as the guitar need tuning. The student lost their book.

Awk

awkward expression or construction

The storm had the effect of causing millions of dollars in damage.

Cap

faulty capitalization

We spent the Fall in spain.

CS

comma splice

Raoul tried his best, this time that wasn't good enough.

D

faulty diction

Due to the fact that we were wondering as to whether it would rain, we stayed home.

DC

Faulty diction - connotation

When Oedipus learns his true parentage, his fortune takes it in the butt.

DD

Faulty diction - denotation

I wish that she would not underscore my position and belittle me as she does.

DM

dangling construction

Working harder than ever, this job proved to be too much for him to handle.

- ed

problem with final -ed

Last summer he walk all the way to Birmingham.

Frag

fragment

Depending on the amount of snow we get this winter and whether the towns buy new trucks.

//

problem in parallel form

My income is bigger than my wife.

P-A

pronoun/antecedent agreement

A student in accounting would be wise to see their advisor this month.

Pron

problem with pronoun

My aunt and my mother have wrecked her car. The committee has lost their chance to change things. You'll have to do this on one's own time.

Rep

unnecessary repetition

The car was blue in color.

R-O

run-on sentence

Raoul tried his best this time that wasn't good enough.

Sp

spelling error

This sentence is flaude with two mispelllings.

- s

problem with final -s

He wonder what these teacher think of him.

S/V

subject/verb agreement

The problem with these cities are leadership.

Tense

verb tense problem

He comes into the room and he pulled his gun.

Wdy

wordy

Seldom have we perused a document so verbose, so ostentatious in phrasing, so burdened with too many words.

WW

wrong word

What affect did the movie have on Sheila?

Source: University of Colorado Web site (http://www.colorado.edu/Publications/styleguide/symbols.html).