Putting the Pieces Together: 

Mapping Cognitive Processes in Text-Based Writing 






The Trivium: A Model for Reading and Writing


"The art of reading is a process of becoming conscious." Wolfgang Iser
"Those who fail to re-read are obliged to read the same story everywhere." Roland Barthes
"One must be an inventor to read well. . . . There's then creative reading as well as creative writing." Emerson, "The American Scholar"


Learning to read literature is a matter of learning how to work through the process of reading, to go beyond the questions raised during a first reading and begin to see the complex patterns and interpretive gaps which make literature creative art.  Different cognitive processes are engaged as the reader reads more and more closely, and it is these which are addressed here in a classical model called the trivium. This paradigm helps readers become aware of the demands of different texts and the strategies that they use to meet those demands in their efforts to make meaning as they read. By sharing reflections on their own reading processes in a group, readers learn from each otherís processes and appropriate new strategies. They also begin to see reading as a complex activity that requires flexible application of many strategies. This is often an important new awareness for many readers. This is a process that bears repetition, especially as readers encounter different types of text.


Grammar Logic  ↔ Rhetoric


Trivium Diagram


Illustration Media Ad Analysis and the Trivium