NOTE: Like any steps or growth process, the stages will overlap for all readers. The reading and writing processes are recursive, not linear. You may have drawn rhetoric-stage conclusions about the meaning of a text. But, upon revisiting it again and again (particularly in light of class and peer discussions), you are bound to arrive at new grammar-stage observations and to see aspects of the text you never saw before.


Grammar Stage  -  What?

Logic Stage  - How?

Rhetoric Stage - Why, or So What?

Acquiring Information

Analyzing Information

Interpreting Information

1st read

Subsequent Readings

Subsequent readings

Non-Critical reading

Active, “recursive” reading

Active, “recursive” reading

Skills: notation, summary

Skills: evaluation, analysis

See “Tool Kit”

Skills: interpretation, argumentation