New Criticism Terms[1]:

Phenomena, Actions, and Interpretive Practices New Criticism Opposed as Irrelevant to Literary Criticism−

author’s intention

biographical fallacy

genetic fallacy

reader’s affective response

impressionism

relativism

paraphrase

heresy of paraphrase

poem as artifact vs. poem as meaning

Attributes of poems’ language (“figures”) you should seek by “close reading” in “objective” or “intrinsic criticism” (New Criticism)

irony

ambiguity

paradox

denotation

implication

connotation

image

symbol (image with literal and figurative meaning)

metaphor (image with only figurative meaning)

Note that irony, ambiguity, and paradox are only a few of the poetic figures which a New Critical reading might discover implying thematic connotations in a poem, but in the early history of New Criticism, they were the most commonly discovered strategies by which poems resolved their tensions into themes of universal significance.  To see more figures defined, which you might possibly use in a New Critical analysis, click here.

What are the attributes of a good verbal object (a.k.a. “poem”)?−

timelessness

autonomy

organic unity

complex tensions (often embodied in figurative language, producing connotations)

resolution of tensions in a theme

universal significance

Do you want to test your skills as a New Critic?

 

 

 


 

[1] Taken from the website, http://faculty.goucher.edu/eng215/New_Criticism_terms.htm