Outline of Political Philosophy Lectures (PHIL 4115)
Robert Lane, UWG
[Sections in red were omitted from lecture due to time constraints.]
Introduction & Background
[1.] What is Political Philosophy?
[1.1.] Governmental Control.
[1.2.] Normative vs. Descriptive Authority.
[1.] Might Makes Right (Republic I).
[1.1.] Thrasymachus' Position.
[1.2.] Socrates' First Criticism.
[1.3.] Socrates' Second Criticism.
[1.4.] The Rest of Book I.
[2.] The Structure of a Political Society (Republic II & III).
[2.1.] Justice in the City-State and in the Individual.
[2.2.] The Origin and Development of the Polis.
[3.] Justice of the Polis (Republic IV).
[3.1.] Wisdom, Bravery, Temperance.
[3.2.] Justice in the Polis.
[3.3.] Justice in the Individual
[3.3.1.] Three Principles of the Human Psyche.
[4.] Familial Communism Among the Guardian Class (Republic V).
[5.] The Possibility of the Perfect Polis (Republic V).
[5.1.] The Philosopher-Kings.
[5.2.] Doctrine of the Forms.
[6.3.] The Analogy of the Cave.
[7.] Education (Republic Book VII).
[8.] Degenerate Forms of Government (Republic VIII).
[8.1.] From Aristocracy to Timocracy.
[8.2.] From Timocracy to Oligarchy.
[8.3.] From Oligarchy to Democracy.
[8.4.] From Democracy to Tyranny.
[9.] Summary of Plato's View of the Ideal Polis.
[1.1.] Prelude to the Politics (Nichomachean Ethics X:9).
[2.] Politics Book I.
[2.1.] From the Household to the Polis.
[2.2.] Man, the Political Animal.
[2.3.] Natural Slaves
[3.] Politics Book II.
[3.1.] Criticism of Plato on the Importance of Unity (Politics II:2)
[3.2.] Criticism of Plato's Familial Communism (Politics II:3-4).
[3.3] Criticism of Plato's Property Communism (Politics II:5).
[3.4.] Final Complaints About the Republic (Politics II:5).
[4.] Constitutions and Their Justification. (Politics III:6-8, 10-11).
[4.0.] What is a Citizen? (Politics III:1-2).
[4.0.1] Identity of a City (Politics III:3).
[4.0.2.] The Good Citizen vs. the Good Man (Politics III:4).
[4.1.] Constitutions and Their Classifications (Politics III:6-8).
[4.2.] What Sort of Constitution is Best? (Politics III:10-11)
[4.3.] The Source of Political AuthorityN.
[5.] Distributive Justice.
[5.1.] Property (III:9).
[5.2.] Power (Politics III:12).
[6.] The Good Life (Politics VII-which-is-fourth:1-3).
[6.1.] Background from Nichomachean Ethics: Eudaimonia.
[6.2.] Three Types of Goods (VII-which-is-fourth:1).
[6.3.] External Action vs. Internal Development (VII-which-is-fourth:2).
[6.4.] Activity vs. Inactivity (Politics VII-which-is-fourth:3).
[6.5.] The Social Structure (Politics VII-which-is-fourth:8-9)
[7.] Achieving Eudaimonia (Politics VII-which-is-fourth:13-15).
[7.1.] War/Peace and Work/Leisure.
[7.2.] The Structure of the Soul and the Order of Education.
[2.] Hobbes on Human Nature.
[3.] The State of Nature (Leviathan Ch.13).
[4.] The State of Nature is a Prisoner's Dilemma. (Leviathan ch.14).
[4.1.] Laws of Nature.
[4.1.1.] Hobbes' "Right of Nature" Argument.
[4.2] Prisoner's Dilemmas.
[4.2.1.] The Original Dilemma.
[4.2.2.] The Dilemma in the State of Nature.
[18.104.22.168.] Iterated Prisoner's Dilemmas.
[4.2.3.] Escaping the Dilemma.
[5.] Contracts, Covenants, and Justice. (Leviathan Ch.14-15).
[5.1.] Agreements in the State of Nature.
[5.2.] The Appearance of Justice.
[5.3.] Being Just is Reasonable.
[6.] The Creation of the Commonwealth: Leviathan.
[6.1.] Commonwealth by Institution (Leviathan Ch.17).
[6.2.] The Rights of Sovereigns by Institution (Leviathan Ch.18).
[7.] Different Forms of Commonwealth by Institution (Leviathan ch.19).
[7.1] What Forms Are There?
[7.2.] Which Form is Best?
[7.3.] There Are Only Three Forms.
[7.4.] The Right of Succession.
[8.] Liberty and Freedom (Leviathan Ch.21).
[8.0.] On Free Will.
[8.1.] The Liberty of Subjects.
[8.2.] The True Liberty of Subjects.
[8.3.] The Death of the Leviathan.
[1.1.] Biographical Info.
[1.2.] Locke as a Founder of Liberalism.
[1.3.] General Points About Locke's Political Philosophy.
[2.] The Natural Moral Condition of Human Beings (Second Treatise ch. I-VI).
[2.1.] The Law of Nature.
[2.2.] The State of Nature.
[2.3.] Executive Power of the Law of Nature.
[2.4.] The State of War.
[3.] The Political Relationship (Second Treatise ch. VII - IX).
[3.1.] Turning Over the EPLN.
[3.2.] From State of Nature to Civil Society.
[3.3.] Absolute Monarchies Aren't Civil Governments.
[3.4.] "The Ends of Political Society and Government."
[3.4.1.] Why We Leave the State of Nature.
[3.4.2.] Limits on Governmental Power.
[4.] Powers of Government (Second Treatise ch.XI and XII).
[4.1] Separation of Powers.
[4.2.] General Limit on Legislative Power.
[4.3.] Specific Limits on Legislative Power.
[5.] The Dissolution of the Government (Second Treatise ch. XIX).
[5.1.] When the Government Loses Its AuthorityN.
[5.3.] The Individual Turns Against the Community.
[2.] The Influence of Hegel.
[2.1.] Phenomenology of Mind.
[2.2.] Alienation and Master/Slave Consciousness.
[2.4.] What Marx Takes from Hegel.
[3.] Private Property and Alienation.
[3.1.] Historical Context.
[3.2.] Labor as a Source of Self-Knowledge.
[3.3.] Four Forms of Alienation.
[3.4.] Against Private Property.
[4.1.] History of the Class Struggle.
[4.2.] The Advent of Communism.
[4.3.] The Materialist Conception of History.
[4.4.] The Disappearance of Government.
John Stuart Mill
[2.] Basic Ethical Ideas.
[2.1.] The Harm Principle.
[2.3.] Broadening the Harm Principle.
[3.] Freedom of Thought and Speech. (OL ch.I and II)
[3.1.] Personal Freedoms.
[3.2] Mill's First Argument for Freedoms of Thought and Speech.
[3.3.] Objections to Mill's First Premise.
[3.4.] Mill's Second Argument for Freedom of Thought and Speech.
[1.1.] The Importance of A Theory of Justice.
[1.2.] Philosophical Context of Rawls' Work
[2.] The Concept of Justice.
[3.] The Original Position.
[4.] The Principles of Justice.
[4.1.] Not Utilitarianism.
[4.2.] The First Principle of Justice: Liberty.
[4.3.] The Second Principle of Justice: Distributive Justice.
[4.3.1.] The Equal Opportunity Principle.
[4.3.2.] The Difference Principle.
[22.214.171.124.] Overcoming the Natural Lottery.
[4.4.] How the Principles are Related.
[5.] Reflective Equilibrium.
[2.] Do Rights Require Anarchy?
[3.] The Entitlement Theory.
[3.1.] Three Principles.
[3.3.] End-Result Principles vs. Historical Principles.
This page last updated 4/21/2003.
Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003 Robert Lane. All rights reserved.