Political Philosophy (PHIL 4115)
Study Guide: Test 2: Hobbes, Locke, Marx, Mill, Rawls, Nozick
Wednesday April 30 (2pm to 4pm)
This test will be worth 30% of your total course grade. This is a timed test; you will have from 2:00pm to 4:00pm to complete the test.
You are required to provide your own blue book for the test. Blue books are mini notebooks designed especially for students to take tests with. They are available from the UWG Bookstore. They are available in two sizes: small and large. Since this is a final exam and I expect you to use all (or at least most) of the two hours you have to write your test, you may be better off using a large bluebook. Bluebooks are very inexpensive (less than $.50 each).
You will be required to write three essays. The questions will be drawn from the following list:
Discuss Hobbes' explanation of the source of political authorityN. At minimum, your discussion should cover what Hobbes has to say regarding:
· human nature
· the state of nature
· laws and rights of nature
· the creation of the "commonwealth by institution"
Discuss Hobbes' account of governments created "by institution". At minimum, your discussion should cover what Hobbes has to say regarding:
· the rights of sovereigns by institution
· the types of commonwealth by institution, and which type is best
· the types of "liberty" possessed by the subjects of a commonwealth
Discuss Locke's explanation of the source of political authorityN. At minimum, your discussion should cover what Locke has to say regarding:
· the law of nature
· the state of nature
· the executive power of the law of nature (EPLN)
· how and why the EPLN is transferred
Discuss Locke's treatment of the subjects of the powers of government and the dissolution of government. At minimum, your discussion should cover what Locke has to say regarding:
· the separation of powers
· the general limit on legislative power
· the ways in which a government can lose authorityN
· an individual's ability to exit a community of which he is a part
Discuss Marx's views on the subjects of alienation and private property. At minimum, your discussion should cover:
· labor as a source of self-knowledge
· four forms of alienation
· the origin of alienation in private property
Discuss Marx's views on communism. At minimum, your discussion should cover:
· the history of the class struggle
· the advent of communism
· the materialist conception of history
· the disappearance of government
Discuss Mill's Harm Principle and his Utilitarianism, explaining both ideas in detail, the (alleged) tension between them, and whether that tension can be resolved.
Discuss Mill's Argument for Freedom of Thought and Expression, incorporating into your discussion the concepts of fallibilism, certainty, and genuine inquiry.
Discuss Rawls' theory of justice. At minimum your discussion should cover:
· Rawls' concern with social justice
· the "original position" (including the "veil of ignorance")
· the two principles of justice (liberty and distributive justice)
· the Equal Opportunity Principle
· the Difference Principle
Discuss Nozick's Entitlement Theory. At minimum your discussion should cover:
· the theory's three principles, and the principles of justice on which they're based
· end-result principles and historical principles
· how Nozick's account of distributive justice differs from that of Rawls
This outline of lecture notes may help you to locate relevant material.
This page last updated 4/15/2003.
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