Electronic Sources


Last name, First name abbreviated. (Year) Title of the article: Watch capitalizations. Title of the journal, Volume

number, page range. doi or Retrieved from URL

Note: Digital Object Identifier (DOI) eliminates the need for a URL and date of access in APA


Online journal article with a DOI

Ray, R., Wilhelm, F., & Gross, J. (2008). All in the mind’s eye? Anger rumination and reappraisal. Journal of

Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 133-145. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.94.1.133

Online journal article without a DOI

Chan, L. (2004). Supporting and enhancing scholarship in the digital age: The role of open access institutional

repository. Canadian Journal of Communication, 29, 277-300. Retrieved from http://www.cjc-online.ca

Journal article from an online, subscription, or library database

Gore, W. C. (1916). Memory, concept, judgment, logic (theory). Psychological Bulletin, 13, 355-358. Retrieved

from PsycARTICLES database: http://psycnet.apa.org

Web sites

Document or report on a Web site


Author. (Year). Report on web site. Retrieved from [Sponsor’s name] website: URL


World Health Organization. (1992). ICD-10 criteria for borderline personality disorder. Retrieved from BPD

Sanctuary website: http://www.mhsanctuary.com/borderline/icd10.htm

Other types of Web sites

Blog posting

Eggers, A. (2009, May 20). Debates on government transparency websites [Web log post]. Retrieved from

Social Science Statistics Blog website: http://www.iq.harvard.edu/blog/sss

Audio podcast

Glass, I. (Host). (2008, June 30). Social engineering. This American life [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from


Presentation slides

Volunteering Australia Inc. (2009). Volunteering: What’s it all about? [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from